Agroforestry is the integration of trees with crops and/or livestock, on the same land area. This approach (if well managed) increases productivity in comparison to conventional agriculture, captures carbon, regenerates soil, and increases biodiversity.
Similarly, mixed farming is the practice of integrating crop and livestock production to benefit from the resulting ecological and economic interactions. dependence on a single product, whilst positively impacting the physical environment around them.
There are several categories of agroforestry, depending on the components (trees, crops and/or livestock), their distribution in space (linear, scattered, hedges), and their distribution in time, and they are sometimes referred to as wood pastures, intercropped and grazed orchards, grazed forests, and forest farms.
The commonality between these practices is that they allow farmers to create biodiverse landscapes that reduce their dependence on a single product, whilst positively impacting the physical environment around them.
“ Our team is building a diversity-based resilience framework by gathering and synthesising knowledge, identifying gaps, and defining terms, which will guide AGROMIX in developing tools for resilient land use in the face of climate change.”
Professor Emeritus for Agroecology
College of Natural Resources, Department of Environmental Science, Policy & Management, University of California, Berkeley