From 2023, support for the set-up and maintenance of agro-forestry systems will be granted under the Strategic Plan 2023-2027 (SP 2023-2027). This is a new type of support, not previously implemented in Poland, under the CAP. Arable land and permanent grassland outside protected areas on which an agroforestry system will be established will be eligible for support. At least 3 different species of trees or shrubs are required. Trees must be planted in row on arable land, while other planting structures are allowed on pasture. It is necessary to plant between 150 and 250 trees or shrubs per ha. Trees or shrubs in the agroforestry system must be protected from damage. The amount of support varies depending on the agrotechnology adopted and ranges from €681/ha - favourable establishment conditions, minimum protection of plantings, to €1168/ha - unfavourable establishment conditions, maximum protection of plantings. In addition, the farmer will receive €63/ha every year for five years for the maintenance of the agroforestry system. Trees can already be planted this spring, while applications for support can be submitted from 1 June to 31 July.