Allgäu as a transboundary region of Austria and Germany provides a traditional farming practice on grazing and dairy production, although the traditions working together with the newest industrial solutions, farmers still struggling to implement agroecological practices.
Christine Bajohr explains how she walked her long way from unsustainable cattle farming to cattle grazing in balance with nature.

The open ceremony of the FAO's 8th Forest Week, 26th Session of the Committee on Forestry (COFO) (https://www.fao.org/events/detail/cofo-26/en?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social+media&utm_campaign=fao4members) is saved on the FAO podcast archive (https://www.fao.org/webcast/home/en/item/5960/icode/)
The General Director of FAO highlighted the importance of the synergetic approach of the high-level panels of the COFO and COAG under the threats of the climate crisis effects on forests, the increasing need for deliver equality and food safety, in order to implement the SDGs (https://sdgs.un.org/goals), which are still or even more important then anytime before.
QU DONGYU pointed that we know tools, practices and solutions so, we need the will to implement all them to get over the crises effecting our one and only Globe, therefor we have the act in a coherent and synergetic way.
The importance of forests laying on the its basic role of ecosystem, but forests must be considered together with all other ecosystems, such as with grasslands and wetlands. In the meantime, economy, ecology and the society needs be on the same level when actions are taken to reach win-win solutions. Therefore, the key issues must be tackled climate change and greenhouse gases, restore productive capacities, together with ecosystems restoration and economic stability while creating “green value chains” for the increasement of locals’ quality of life.

Princess Basma bint Ali, FAO Goodwill Ambassador for Near East and North Africa highlighted the importance of despite the degradation of natural and primary forests, at least agroforestry area is increasing and gaining back agroecological practices leading the most degraded agricultural lands to regeneration and regain production capacities. Refering to the FAO report on The State of the World's Forests (SOFO) 2022 https://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca8642en

As one of the opening sessionof the 8th World Forest Week by FAO (https://www.fao.org/events/detail/8th-world-forest-week/en) "Agriculture and Forestry linkeges" will be discussed by the high-level panel through continents, aiming to showcase and promote existing and complementary practices between agriculture activities and the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of forests, avoiding deforestation and maintaining ecosystem services, noting that agriculture and forestry can synergistically support sustainable development, also aims a closer collaboration between COFO (Committee on Forestry - https://www.fao.org/about/meetings/cofo/cofo-25/en/) and COAG (Committee on Agriculture - https://www.fao.org/coag/en/) on cross-sectoral matters.

The event will be mainstreamed on 3rd October 2022: https://www.fao.org/webcast/home/en/item/5963/icode/

The Hungarian agriculture is manly big parcel based monocultural, therefore there are many smaller, bigger parts of the parcels which are not profitable enough to be used for crop production. These non-effective parcels supported to be changed in land-use type to forest and become serving measures of the EU Green Deal, Fit55 targets and support soil and landscape protection protocols. The new CAP OP scheme provide opportunity to establish short rotation plantations aiming industrial wood production on these fields remains in agricultural land-use type, or the permanent transition to become the parcel forested, accordingly land-use type to be changed and receive 5-11 years support on maintenance, which serves not only the above-mentioned EU policies but also the sustainable transition of agriculture.

In the previous programming periods agroforestry couldn’t become a supported land-use type due to the systematic separation of forestry and agriculture on the parcel registry system. From 2023 legislation solved the issue and every type of agroforestry system can receive the parcel-based subsidies, such as the most important ones in Hungary: hedges, alleys, agro-pastural systems. The supporting scheme provides finance to the establishment of the systems, and furthermore the maintenance for 7 years. As a new feature of the plantation the scheme will support not only planting trees on the edges of the parcels, but also the strip plantation systems, which creates a new landscape character type in Hungary as they were uncommon, so far.
The scheme highlights the importance of such plantations on agroecology, such as protection against erosion, deflation, snow and dust storm, but also an effective measure against water pollution from nutrition, herbicides and pesticides when planted next to the water bodies.
https://www.agroinform.hu/palyazatok/uj-tamogatasi-lehetosegek-mezogazdasagi-termelok-erdogazdalkodok-szamara-58781-001
https://kormany.hu/agrarminiszterium

The Czech Republic has published its programme for the Presidency of the Council of the European Union, involving the new program of the Agriculture and Fisheries Council.
Among the continuation of the previous years' progression on food security, sustainability in agriculture, especially in the field of livestock farming, fisheries, food systems, forest management, agricultural and food supply and biodiversity conservation, the program highlights the importance of the Regulation on the sustainable use of pesticides, and the implementation of the New EU Forest Strategy 2030 in order to balance the social, environmental and economic aspects of sustainable forest management and the respect for principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, also referring to the EU Deforestation Law.

The ENDR newsletter provides explanation on the topic: ‘CZ PRES’ priorities concerning CAP include the draft Regulation on the sustainable use of pesticides and harmonisation of rules for the new labelling of nutritional information on the front of food packaging. Other work is expected to involve revision of the rules for the Geographical Indications (GIs) for agricultural products, among other CAP priorities.
ENDR newsletter: https://enrd.ec.europa.eu/

To fight climate change and biodiversity loss globally, Environment MEPs want only deforestation-free products to be allowed on the EU market. The Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee today adopted its position with 60 votes to 2 and 13 abstentions on the Commission proposal for a regulation on deforestation-free products to halt EU-driven global deforestation.

Highlights:
- EU consumption represents around 10% of global deforestation
- MEPs want the rules to also cover pigmeat, sheep and goats, poultry, maize, rubber, charcoal and printed paper products
- Human rights and the rights of indigenous people also to be respected
- An area larger than the EU was lost to deforestation between 1990 and 2020

A new legislative milestone for EU biodiversity: the Commission’s long-awaited proposal for the EU Nature Restoration Law is finally published.
https://environment.ec.europa.eu/topics/nature-and-biodiversity/nature-restoration-law_en

The proposal is a pioneer in its ambition and legally binding targets, but there still are a few key points in need of strengthening. Therefore, CEEweb calls for its urgent adoption and implementation as it is a true and strong attempt to reverse the tide of biodiversity loss and climate change. The European Parliament and Council of the EU must fully endorse the positive elements and strengthen the existing weaknesses without delay.
https://www.ceeweb.org/article.php?id=616

CEEweb representative Mr. Ádám Varga highlighting the relation of the new act and its practical implementaion over agrofrorestry (as part of the Agromix project) and ecological connectivity (as part of the SaveGREEN project https://www.interreg-danube.eu/approved-projects/savegreen#!), as both issues are some of the most important implementaion areas of biodiversity protection on the spot.

The legislative proposal for binding nature restoration targets presented by the European Commission is the first major piece of EU biodiversity legislation since the Habitats Directive in 1992. We call for its urgent adoption and implementation as it is a true and strong attempt to reverse the tide of biodiversity loss and climate change.

Member States will have to draw up national restoration plans with the key elements on what to restore where and how to finance it. The Commission’s review and linked obligation for Member States to adapt their plans accordingly are also promising to ensure that the plans actually deliver and meet the targets

Key messages of the proposed law:

• EU biodiversity is in a terrible state and nature restoration is a massive opportunity to tackle both the biodiversity and climate crisis
• Nature Restoration Law (NRL) is the much-needed tool to get there as it will have legally binding targets for Member States to meet (including Hungary)
• Proposal was supposed to be released in march, but due to lobbying from certain industries over concerns for food security caused by the war in Ukraine – it was delayed
• Once the proposal is out, it is over to Member States and the Parliament to speedily deal with the proposal and support it
• In addition to the NRL, the EU Commission will present its long-awaited proposal for the first binding law to slash pesticide use

While the content of the law is overall positive, there are still elements to be strengthened, such as the marine, peatlands and river restoration targets and enforcement mechanisms. However, this is a huge milestone: by restoring ecosystems and enhancing biodiversity we can prevent future pandemics, fight climate change, prevent disasters and secure food resilience.

The presentaion series on environment-friendly healthy food and how do we recognize it? provided input to general audience on "green labeling" and consumer behavior research, giving details on the legal and relyability backgrounds of each used green labels on foods in the EU countries, focusing on Slovenia as the center of the research team. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T30fUTcfLVI&t=3277s)

The event provided practical example on implementing the SUSTAINABILITY SURVEY: CONSUMER SUSTAINABLE BEHAVIOR INDEX (CSBI) (https://www.umanotera.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/SUSTAINABILITYpublicreport.pdf) develped by Umanotera, The Slovenian Foundation for Sustainable Development (https://www.umanotera.org/english/).

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COORDINATOR
Dr. Sara Burbi - Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience - Coventry University, Ryton Gardens Campus, CV8 LG, UK
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